Where Next ? #9

Soon it will be time to pack up and move on from Hot Springs, Arkansas. We have had a wonderful time here. The winter was a mild one with an early Spring. We hope to get a post written about our volunteering at Hot Springs National Park and the city which goes by the same name officially.

So where will we be heading next? Back west for the Summer of 2017 to Salmon, Idaho where we will be working for the City of Salmon and the U. S. Forest Service at the Sacajawea Interpretation Center. Along the way we will make stops in Nashville for a Photoshop workshop from Jim Zuckerman, see 7 more national park sites, see the Budweiser Clydesdale ranch, visit with friends and family and explore new areas of our beautiful country.

So pack your virtual suitcase and travel with us!

Hot Springs, Arkansas to Salmon, Idaho April-May 2017

Hot Springs, Arkansas to Salmon, Idaho April-May 2017

Learning History And More About RV Living Firsthand On The Road

wildflowers, Tennessee

Tennessee Spring Wildflowers

We are self confessed history buffs. That’s probably one reason we’re making a point of seeing all 400+ National Park sites. Our Plan B route was designed to take us through areas for some of the lesser known NPS sites, some privately operated sites and visits to family.

Our first stop was Greeneville, Tennessee to visit the Andrew Johnson National Historic Site. We had to stay in a commercial park as the two closest state parks were renovating their campgrounds. We found a small private park, A Round Pond, located on a farm in Baileyton. We did check out Panther Creek SP for later use and the new campground looks very good.

Andrew Johnson, history, US President

Andrew Johnson As A Young Man

So how much do you know about our 17th President, Andrew Johnson? If you are like us, chances are not much. He was catapulted into office upon Lincoln’s assassination. He also was the first President to face impeachment proceedings. Like all the other Presidents from Tennessee, he was not born there. He was from North Carolina. His widowed mother struggled to raise her family and when she could no longer support them she apprenticed her two oldest sons to a tailor. Working long days and no formal schooling cut his childhood short. Like the man he would follow in the White House he was self educated but read everything he could. After getting into trouble as a young teenager Andrew Johnson ran off to South Carolina and Tennessee where he established a tailor shop in Greeneville. He married and it is his wife who is credited with helping fill his education gap. The Andrew Johnson NHS is composed of a Visitors Center, the home where the Johnson family lived in the 1830s-1851 and the home he returned to after his Presidency. It was during the 1830s that he entered politics first as Alderman, then Mayor, state representative and US Representative. One term as Governor of Tennessee 1853-1857 led to his election to the US Senate.

history, US Presidents

Original Johnson Tailor Shop

Lincoln, Johnson, politics

Presidential Ticket In 1864

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

portrait, photography

Andrew Johnson After Being President

 

 

 

 

 

The beliefs he carried throughout his political career were anchored in strong faith in the common man. He favored free land for homesteading, public education and elimination of the electoral college in favor of direct election. He also believed in the preservation of the Union. It was this last item that made Lincoln choose him as Vice President. He needed a southerner from a border state on his ticket. However the two men differed greatly in personality. Lincoln was known for his jokes and storytelling as well as his ability to convince opponents to see his viewpoint. Johnson on the other hand was a very forceful and demanding personality. When met with opposition he became even more forceful which created enemies.

In the tumultuous days of Reconstruction Johnson butted heads with many politicians and even his own cabinet. One such conflict was the cause of the impeachment proceedings. Johnson wanted a federal army. William Stanton, Lincoln’s Secretary of State who stayed on, wanted states to have their own armies. When Stanton proceeded with his idea over Johnson’s disapproval he was fired. There was a law that no President could fire a cabinet member once they were approved. The Congress used this as grounds for impeachment while Johnson claimed he had “inherited” the Cabinet rather than having named his own. Much of the underlying ill will between Johnson and members of Congress played a part. He was impeached by the House but failed impeachment in the Senate by just one vote. He returned to Tennessee and lived the rest of his life as a private citizen.

A Trunk Owned By Andrew Johnson

A Trunk Owned By Andrew Johnson

Johnson's Field Desk When Military Governor

Johnson’s Field Desk When Military Governor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Andrew Johnson's Post Presidential Home

Andrew Johnson’s Post Presidential Home

Easter, egg decorating, egg roll

Egg Decorating Sponsored By The NPS

Today his legacy lives on every year when the White House sponsors the annual Easter Egg Roll. While he wasn’t the first President to hold the event he was the one who made it an annual affair. We were at the Andrew Johnson NHS just a week before Easter and the park was holding an egg coloring activity for local children. We’d been warned by the Visitor Center that there might be crowds. We went down to the second home for the tour anyway. Crowds? What crowds? We were the only people on the tour! The Ranger was very knowledgeable and spent a lot of time answering our questions. Don’t limit your visits to our National Parks to just the big ones. History really comes alive when you visit our historic sites too.

The following day we made a trip to another type of National Park site, the Obed Wild and Scenic River. First we stopped at the Visitor Center in the town of Wartburg, Tennessee. Then we drove to a parking area at the river and took a short hike to an overlook. Most people come here to hike, whitewater canoe or rock climb. It was still early Spring so the landscape lacked color. The Fall is most likely the best season for photography.

river, scenery, NPS

View Of The Obed Wild And Scenic River

hiking, photography

On A Hike At Obed River

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Obed River In Early Spring

Obed River In Early Spring

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For our next stop we headed to the Nashville, TN area to visit Steve’s family. We were staying at Cages Bend, a COE park in nearby Gallatin, TN. About ten miles from our destination a car was waving at us. “One of your trailer tires is very low”. We hadn’t felt a thing but pulled over right away. Yes it was low but Steve felt we could make it to the park. We did but just barely. By the time we’d parked and set up it was flat. So it was off to Discount Tire but they wanted us to bring the tire in. No problem as they loaned Steve a floor jack. The tire had a big gouge and was unrepairable. So $300 later and several trips back and forth to the tire dealer, we were all fixed. 

Andrew Jackson, The Hermitage, Nashville

The Hermitage

flowering trees, Hermitage

Hermitage Grounds In Early Spring

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

After a good time with Steve’s aunt and uncle we took a day to visit the Hermitage, home of President Andrew Jackson. This is a privately run historic site rather than a NPS site. “I guess we’re spoiled but neither Steve or I were impressed with our time there. We paid $12 each for entry then another $8 for audio tour sets. The museum was good and we learned a lot. Then we went on to the home. The tour was given by a series of guides who looked and sounded bored. It was a ‘get ’em in, get ’em out’ approach. Rooms were roped off so it was hard to see while in a group.” Compared to our NPS experiences and other historic home tours it fell way short of our expectations.

Andrew and Rachael Jackson, history, Tennessee, U.S. Presidents

Life Size Statues Of Andrew And Rachael Jackson

Andrew Jackson was a military hero after winning battles at Horseshoe Bend (1814) and New Orleans (1815) when he became a leading frontier political leader in the 1820s-1830s.. He had a tough and aggressive personality (nickname Old Hickory) which led him to initiate battles during the Seminole Wars and fight duels over personal slights. The most famous duel was over his marriage to Rachel Donelson Robards. She thought herself divorced when she married Jackson in 1790 only to find she was still legally married. Once the divorce was final the couple remarried in 1794. In 1806 after a political opponent published an attack on Jackson in the newspaper and mentioned the bigamous relationship, Jackson challenged him to a duel. Jackson sustained a bullet in the chest but shot and killed Charles Dickinson. Elected as our 7th President in 1828, his beloved wife died of a heart attack two weeks after her husband’s victory. Jackson was one of our few unmarried Presidents and his niece served the necessary social role until the Petticoat Affair (1834) and her death in 1836. Then Sarah Jackson served as well and this is the only time two women have served in the role of First Lady simultaneously. Although childless, Andrew and Rachael Jackson raised two Indian children, a nephew and acted as guardians for eight other children.

 During his tenure, Andrew Jackson championed States Rights but believed in the preservation of the Union, vetoed the reissue of a charter for the Second Bank of the United States, paid off the national debt in 1835 (the last time it was paid off in full), called to abolish the Electoral College, initiated rotation in government office for political appointees, passed the Indian Removal Act, survived the first assassination attempt on a sitting President and saw the admission of Arkansas and Michigan to the union. There is much more written about him than can be addressed here. A very interesting and controversial figure to be sure.

So now we pull out of our campsite and head to see some of Chari’s family in Mississippi. Chari practiced hooking up the trailer and drove out of the site and park for the first time. Still a bit nervous about driving in traffic Steve took over. “I really do think we have a guardian angel!” We hadn’t gone more than ten miles when BANG!! It sounded like a shotgun and we immediately knew we’d had a blowout. Yep, the other tire on the side of the flat had blown. There had been no evidence of damage or loss of air while we were parked. We pulled off, got out and didn’t know whether to laugh or cry. Here’s what we saw….

blowout, RV accident, roadside assistance

Damage To RV From Blowout

So here we go again. Call the insurance. Find a dealer on our route. Wait for parts to be ordered. Hope it doesn’t mess up our plans too much. How did that black cloud from Florida find us here in Tennessee? So Steve removed the torn fender. We called Roadside Assistance and got another new tire. Then headed on our way.

Where Next #5 – Now For Plan B

With another round of repairs finished we drove eight hours to the Georgia side of Lake Seminole. Normally we don’t drive more than 4-5 hours between stops. We try to follow the 2-4-4 rule. That’s 200 miles or four hours or get there by four o’clock. We took three days just to relax at Eastbank COE campground.

Our next stop was to be another COE campground just north of Atlanta. Not knowing the layout of a campground can make it difficult when choosing a site online. Most of the time we get good sites. Unfortunately while this one looked good on the computer it had a very difficult back in with gullies on either side of the road and a S-curve entry.  Steve said “no way” which is unusual for him. The park was booked for the weekend and we couldn’t find another site. So we left and spent our first parking lot night at Cracker Barrel. It was chilly so we put Opal in the trailer vs. truck while we went in to eat. We didn’t think about the slides being in or that it was completely dark. As we came out of the restaurant we heard a very mournful “Awr-roooo! Awr-roooo! coming from the trailer. Opal was letting the world know she didn’t think much of this. I haven’t commented for a while but really now… they go in where it’s nice and cozy, sit down and have a meal and leave me squeezed in a dark, cold trailer. Who wouldn’t howl?

Then we headed on to McDowell Park in Charlotte for nine days of errands, appointments and seeing friends. By this time the parts for the awning arms were in at our RV dealer in Marion, NC so we headed for their campground. We dropped the trailer off for repair and drove up to Pennsylvania for a short visit to Steve’s family. Thinking repairs were finally behind us we made plans to head to Tennessee.

As we pulled into the Marion campground we saw the trailer was listing badly to the left. What now?!! Steve checked and found that when the mechanics had set up the trailer back on the pad, the locking pin on the landing gear didn’t go all the way through. The weight of the trailer had bent it and the footing had partially collapsed. It was Sunday evening and no one was around. Fortunately Steve is very handy and was able to stabilize things using jack stands. The next day the dealer repaired the problem so we could travel but … a part had to be ordered and would take a few weeks. Here we go again. As we write this five weeks later we are still waiting for the part.

So here’s our new itinerary for heading west to Montana.

Google Earth, RV, travel

Plan B Route Georgia To Montana

Our Top Ten Campgrounds For June 2012- June 2013

Today is the first day of summer and everyone’s thoughts are turning to spending time outdoors. So we thought we’d share the top ten campgrounds we’ve used this past year. These are not in any order of preference just listed as we thought about them. We hope you get to enjoy them.

beach, SGI

St. Georges Island State Park

St. Georges Island State Park

   Appalachicola, Florida

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Bandit's Roost On Kerr-Scott Lake

Bandit’s Roost On Kerr-Scott Lake

Bandit’s Roost COE (Corps of Engineers) Campground

Wilkesboro, North Carolina

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kayaking, photography, Kentucky

Energy Lake At LBL

Piney  LBL Campground 

Land Between The Lakes National Recreation Area

Kentucky and Tennessee

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Atalaya, architecture

Huntington Beach State Park

Huntington Beach State Park

Murrells Inlet, South Carolina

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wildflowers, Vermont

Winhall Brook Campground

Winhall Brook COE Campground

South Londonderry, Vermont

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Assateague Island

Assateague Island

Assateague Island National Seashore

Assateague Island, Maryland

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Near Camden Hills SP

Near Camden Hills SP

Camden Hills State Park

Camden, Maine

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Georgia Veterans State Park

Georgia Veterans State Park

Georgia Veterans State Park

Cordele, Georgia

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Promised Land State Park

Promised Land State Park

Promised Land State Park

Greentown, Pennsylvania 

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Historical Site Near Fishermans Memorial SP

Historical Site Near Fishermans Memorial SP

Fishermans Memorial State Park

Narragansett, Rhode Island

Relaxing At Land Between the Lakes National Recreation Area

We drove across Kentucky through the Daniel Boone National Forest on a glorious Fall day enjoying the trees in peak color. The eight hour trip went by quickly as we passed through the center of the state taking note of future stops by mountain lakes and museums such as the National Corvette Museum and a Shaker Village. Our destination was the Land Between the Lakes National Recreation Area on the western Kentucky/Tennessee border. It is named for a peninsula formed by two TVA lakes, Kentucky Lake on the Tennessee River and Lake Barkley on the Cumberland River. We’d been here for four days in 2010 at the beginning of our retirement trip to Utah (see the old blog at http://vagabondpress.wordpress.com). That was just long enough to know we wanted to return for a longer stay. To see the following photo in more detail, click photo twice.

Google Earth Showing LBL Location With Lakes

Google Earth Showing LBL Location With Lakes

When we were here before our choice of campgrounds left a lot to be desired. We had found Kenlake State Resort Park just down the road and wished we were staying there. We remembered the lake view and camp sites with decks. So we had made reservations there. Amazing what a lot more experience in park selection, a not quite accurate memory and a larger trailer will do. We arrived to find the sites not nearly as large as we thought and situated so that a ninety degree back-in was required. The site we had chosen was impossible for us to use. Steve is very adept at backing in the trailer but you need to turn the truck at a sharper angle with this type of back-in and there were trees in the way. Thank Goodness this was the off season and only ten sites were occupied. We were able to select a site that was more of a straight back-in. However this one had its problems too. It was on an uphill incline so that the nose of the trailer had to be lowered all the way and the rear stabilizer legs  didn’t reach the ground. We scavenged a cement block to put under one side and found a log for the other side. Necessity is the Mother of invention. Once in we enjoyed our two week stay tremendously.

Steve’s brother Fred and wife Chris drove down from Michigan for a long weekend and to pick up the Subaru. I’ve owned several cars since my first one, a 1969 Pontiac LeMans 350. Some I have loved. Some I have cursed. Some I was praying they’d stay together to get to the dealer for trade-in. The Subaru has been one of my very favorites. It is just a plain car without buzzes or whistles. It carried my 14′ sea kayak like an ant carrying something much bigger than itself. It plowed on through the rare 18″ snow in Charlotte where they clear roads by “solar shoveling”. It took me on many journeys to the mountains and beaches. I will miss my little red Subaru but we don’t need it. Good-Bye!

The weekend Fred and Chris were here was a perfect Indian Summer so we rented a pontoon boat for the day and set out on Kentucky Lake. At 184 miles long and averaging 1 mile wide, Kentucky Lake is one of the largest man made lakes in the USA. It was built by the TVA as a flood control and power lake in 1937. Today it provides excellent boating and fishing opportunities as well. The other lake in the area,Lake Barkley, was created in 1960. This was Opal’s first time on a boat and we didn’t know how she’d react. She loved it. I’ve come to expect that my Mom and Dad are going to try any and everything. If I want to be with them, I’ve just got to go with the flow. The lake was calm so I just chilled out and had a great time. They brought some treats along for a dog picnic too.

Kentucky, boating, travel

Steve and Fred on the pontoon boat

Kentucky Lake, pontoon boat, fishing

Chari and Chris Kicking Back On The Pontoon Boat

Land Between the Lakes, fishing, travel blog

Time For Fishing

dog, boat, travel

Opal The Sailor Dog

fall color, Kentucky, travel, boating

Indian Summer On Kentucky Lake

Most of the next 2 weeks were spent enjoying this area at a relaxing pace. I know it sounds odd when I say we needed a vacation from doing and seeing so much when to most people our whole life looks like a vacation. Just having time to wander in the woods and drive the main road through LBL called The Trace which is an American Scenic Byway http://byways.org or bike one of the trails was a pleasure. One afternoon when it was too windy to paddle on the larger lakes (edge of Hurricane Sandy) we took the boats out to Energy Lake. This is a 2 square mile lake on the peninsula that is really a dammed bay of Lake Barkley.

This area was once home to approximately 200 families. Everyone was moved out by the early 1950s. There are numerous family cemeteries scattered throughout the peninsula. Some are accessible by car (4 wheel drive recommended) and some only by foot. One day as we were walking in the woods we came upon two cemeteries back to back. There were many stones that were simply cinder blocks with metal markers in front indicating the relocated remains from another cemetery. We guessed correctly that these were remains the TVA had to move when Kentucky Lake was first constructed. I am fascinated by the names we run across in cemeteries. One name, Morning Caroline, triggered my active imagination. I envisioned a mother holding her newborn in the early morning light as the father gazed on his daughter for the first time and said “Morning, Caroline” Later in the day when the brother was asked “What should we call the new baby? He replied “Well Pa, you called her Morning Caroline.” The name stuck.

While we were at Kenlake there were a few rainy days. This gave us a chance to get our annual calendar done and ordered. We give these to family and friends each year. After Christmas I will post the pictures we used. We also joined a BOF (Birds of a Feather) interest group of the Escapees RV Club called World Wide Travelers. This group travels by RV in countries outside North America. Talk about wetting my appetite for travel! We won’t be able to do this until Opal is no longer with us but my bucket list overflows. For anyone who is currently more than a casual RVer or who is considering the RV lifestyle, I highly recommend the Escapees RV Club http://www.escapees.com . They have a wonderful discussion forum open to members that will answer many questions you might have.

Energy Lake, LBL, photography

Shoreline Reflected On Energy Lake

LBL, Energy Lake, kayaking

Chari Paddles Energy Lake

kayaking, travel, Kentucky

Did Mary Poppins Start This Way?

kayaking, Energy Lake, Fall

A Breezy But Beautiful Day

One day at Kenlake campground we met another couple, Carol and Jim, who also were full time RVers and had started out about the same time. They still have a home base near Schnectady, NY. They joined us for the last laser light show of the season at the Golden Pond Planetarium in the Land Between the Lakes. We’d never been to a laser show before and weren’t sure what to expect.This one was set to country music. The planetarium has daytime shows on varying topics in astronomy. We planned to go back to see a show on the IBEX but never seemed to be in the area at the right time. OK, all together now…”When we come back…” This is one of the only areas in the east where I feel I could settle down if I weren’t an RVer. I love it here and so does Chari. The next evening the four of us had dinner at Patti’s 1880s Settlement http://www.pattis-settlement.com in Grand Rivers, KY just across the canal connecting the Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers at the northern end of LBL. This is more than a restaurant. It is a destination in itself. Do go to the website for more information. Their speciality is a 2″ pork chop. I ordered the 1″ chop and was so full I waddled home! There is also a well known theatre in Grand Rivers called Variety! We didn’t make it here either so that’s another place for, well you know, WWCB. Before we knew our 2 weeks had sped by. Kenlake campground was closing for the season. We had three weeks until we were to head to Mississippi for Thanksgiving. We had done some exploring and found three wonderful campgrounds on the peninsula. Two would be open until the end of November. We decided to stay on in LBL and move to Piney campground just across the line in Tennessee on Kentucky Lake.

Piney campground is operated by the US Forest Service but reservations and information will be found on the http://www.lbl.org site versus the Forest Service site. There are a few reservable sites but most of the almost 300 sites are first come first serve so arriving early in the week is an advantage. We were able to make use of an off season rate and get a full service (EWS) site for only $19/night. The maximum stay here is three weeks which worked perfectly for us. If we were rating the campgrounds we have used this would get 5 stars. We knew when we registered that the water at the campsites would be turned off on or about November 13 when nighttime temperatures reached freezing. No problem as there are freeze proof spigots available. We chose a beautiful site close to what we thought was one of these faucets so we could replenish our tank water. Much to our surprise when the water was turned off these faucets weren’t the freeze proof ones. So back to our tent camping roots we went resurrecting our collapsable 5 gallon water bottle, using paper plates and cups and trekking to the bathhouse vs using the trailer facilities. We had more than enough water for the week.

Exploring the area took us along the Fort Henry Trails. Fort Henry was under construction on the Tennessee River just north and across the river from Fort Donelson when the Civil War began. It was never finished. When Grant began his move down the river it was evident that the fort could not be held. All but five Confederate soldiers evacuated to Fort Donelson. Those five men were killed when their cannons exploded. The graves are located in the woods off the Fort Henry Trails. The only remaining structure from Fort Henry is an earthen berm.

Civil War, cemetery, Tennessee

One Of The Confederate Soldiers Killed At Fort Henry

Warm weather returned for a few days giving us the opportunity to paddle on the Cumberland River past Fort Donelson National Battlefield. This gave us a unique perspective of the Civil War battle that took place there as the Union Army used ironclad boats for the first time to attack the fort. Fort Donelson was built as a gatekeeper to the major riverways and important railroad crossroads in Nashville. Later on we visited the Fort too. Steve is the historian in the family so he will describe the tactics and the importance of this battle. Chari on the other hand gravitates to the human interest side of the story.

Chari asked me to do a little write-up of the importance of the events during the Civil War at Fort Henry and Fort Donelson.  She specifically told me to “Be Brief” so I’ll try!

In today’s modern world with high-speed freeways, mile-long freight trains, air cargo traffic, etc., we sometimes need to be reminded just how important waterways were for transportation of troops and supplies in past wars.  Rivers provided routes for transport, but without the modern system of bridges, they were also barriers for land traffic.  During the Revolutionary War, the Hudson River in New York was an extremely critical waterway, since its path, combined with Lakes George and Champlain, basically separated the New England states from the rest of the country.  At West Point, the river makes an “S” curve, which meant, that in the days of sail, ships on the river would lose their wind and almost come to a complete stop, providing easy targets for the cannons on the bluffs above.  Benedict Arnold’s treachery in attempting to turn over West Point, and control of the Hudson waterway to the British almost cost us our independence, and is why his name remains to this day synonymous with the word “Treason”.  But Chari said to be brief, and West Point isn’t what I’m supposed to be talking about.

Inland waterways were no less important during the Civil War.  And two very critical rivers were the Tennessee and the Cumberland.  A quick look at a map will easily show why.  Both rivers flow through the heart of the South, not only providing transportation routes, but cutting barriers for land traffic, just as the Hudson did in the Revolution.  And another important strategic factor is that both of these rivers rise in the Deep South, and flow north, eventually meeting up with the Ohio River.  Union control of these two rivers was critical toward winning the war.

The Confederates needed two forts, one on the Tennessee River, and one on the Cumberland.  Unfortunately, the best sites for these forts were in Kentucky, a neutral state.  A suitable location for Fort Donelson was located just south of the border, in the state of Tennessee on the Cumberland, where artillery could be placed high on the bluffs overlooking the river. The location chosen for Fort Henry, on the Tennessee River was on low and swampy ground however.  The two forts would be roughly twelve miles apart, Henry on the east side of the Tennessee and Donelson on the west side of the Cumberland, so Confederate troops could move freely between them.

By early 1862, the Union was not having much success in fighting the Civil War.  A relatively unknown brigadier general, Ulysses S Grant, working with Naval forces under Admiral Foote went after Fort Henry.  Heavy flooding on the river had rendered the fort almost unusable.  Most of the fort was under water, including the powder magazine.  Grant landed his troops for a land assault while Foote attacked with his fleet of ironclad riverboats.  The fort was undefendable, and fell before Grant’s troops saw action.

A few days later, Foote had moved his fleet back down river, north to the Ohio, and over to the Cumberland, where they steamed upriver for the attack on Donelson.   Here, however, the Confederate artillery was well placed, and the Union fleet was forced to withdraw.   But the fort was surrounded by Grant’s troops, although at the beginning of the ensuing battle, he was not present.  The Rebels launched a surprise attack to open an avenue for escape, which was almost successful, but Grant arrived in time to rally his men.  The Confederates retreated back to the fort.  The Confederate General Floyd, and his second in command, General Pillow, panicked.  They relinquished command to General Buckner, and escaped by small boat.

Buckner was an old friend of Grant.  In times past, when Grant was seeing hard times, he had loaned Grant money to see him and his family through.  He sent a note asking for terms, expecting his old comrade would be generous.  Grant’s reply has gone down as one of War’s memorable quotes:

“No terms except unconditional and immediate surrender can be accepted.  I propose to move immediately on your works.” Buckner was forced to accept “the ungenerous and unchivalrous terms” and surrendered.

The twin victories were the first in the war for the Union, and the people in the north went wild!  Grant’s initials now stood for “Unconditional Surrender” and the mostly unknown general became famous.  The following year, in 1863, he would force the capitulation of Vicksburg on the Mississippi River, opening up that waterway to Union control.  Lincoln would offer him command of the entire Union Army, and by April of 1865 he would accept the surrender of Robert E. Lee at Appomattox Court House.  He would become President of the United States.

A very bitter Buckner eventually resumed his friendship with Grant, and served as pallbearer at Grant’s funeral.

And that is probably the “briefest” account of the Fort Henry and Fort Donelson campaigns ever written!

Fort Donelson, Civil War, history

Canon At Fort Donelson

Fort Donelson, Civil War, history

Dover Hotel, Site of Surrender

Also at Fort Donelson we picked up information on the Civil War Barn Quilt Trail that Stewart County had created in honor of the 150th anniversary of the Battle at Fort Donelson (February 1862). It is also a wonderful way to see the countryside. We spent two days following three of the four loops. Of course, we found many interesting sights not on the trail as well. Think of it as an adult scavenger hunt. At a barn stating Welcome to Potneck we talked with the owner. We asked about the origin of the name Potneck. He said there are two versions. The first is that people were so poor here during the Depression that they had to stick their heads into the pot up to their necks to get anything to eat. The other story was that a man showed up at a church social drunk. His wife was so mad that she threw a pot at him and it caught him in the neck. We came across a small cafe in the equally small town of Bumpus Mills located in an old gas station and next to the abandoned  Pugh general store. Later on the road took us to Tobaccoport which declares itself the “Dark Fired Capital of the World” and an iconic tobacco barn. We’d later learn that the process of dark-fired tobacco was highly sought after for snuff.

barn, quilt, countryside

Barn With Advertising and Quilt

barn, quilt, Tennessee

Quiet Country Scene

Tennessee, old building, country scene

Old Spring House

barn, quilt, country scene

Along The Civil War Quilt Trail

barn, tobacco, country

Tobacco Barn

church, quilt, Civil War Trail

Country Church With Quilt Square

barn, humor, countryside

Welcome To Potneck

photography, old house

Chari Casts A Shadow Photographing An Old House

diner, Tennessee, restaurant

Front Porch Of The Bumpus Mills, TN Diner

horse, colt, Tennessee

Tennessee Mare Walking Horse And Colt

old store, photography

Faded Advertising on Historic Pugh Store In Bumpus Mills, TN

barn, quilt,

Picturesque Barn With Quilt Square

dog, humor

Can We Go Home Now?

While we were driving in Dover, TN we passed a motor home that had pulled off the road in an emergency. The vehicle had caught on fire. From the looks of it the fire started in either the battery area or the engine. We heard later that everyone got out safely but the RV was a total loss. While we have a fifth wheel this incident made us think about what we’d do in such an emergency. Our fire extinguisher is in the trailer. We realized that we needed at least one in the truck bed as well. While fires such as this do not happen often, part of RV living is being prepared for emergencies and how to escape from the RV.

RV fire 1

RV After Fire

RV living, RV fire

A Total Loss

We visited the Elk and Bison Range located near the Golden Pond Visitor Center on two occasions. Tickets must be purchased to enter the security gate. You can spend as much time as you wish on each visit but for safety reasons you need to stay in the car or nearby. As with most wildlife the best viewing times are early morning or late afternoon. There is also a pasture where bison can be seen without paying. One afternoon we stopped as the bison were close to the fence. The light was good. Several of them had dirty faces and the air was crisp showing their hot breath curl upwards. Although I was a good ten feet from the fence number  912 took offense at having a picture taken and charged. I respectfully backed off. I knew if she were serious the fence wouldn’t really hold her back.

buffalo, Land Between the Lakes, photography

I Said NO Pictures!

buffalo, photography, travel

Buffalo Calf Comes Close To Car

buffalo, wildlife, photography

Grass, Grass, Always Grass

elk, photography, travel

Handsome Bull Elk

elk, photography

Elk Cow

elk, rut, Land Between the Lakes

Just Practicing

elk, photography, wildlife

Off And Running

elk, photography, travel

Why Did The Elk Cross The Road?

Moon Over The Elk And Bison Range

Moon Over The Elk And Bison Range

Other attractions in Land Between the Lakes are the Nature Center which serves as an education center using animals that for one reason or another cannot be released into the wild and a 1850s farm called the Homestead. Since these are run by the USFS if you have a senior pass the entrance fee is half price. If you don’t have one and are 62+ do get one. It costs just $10 and is good for your lifetime. The pass will save you a lot of money. The Nature Center didn’t offer as good photo opportunities as we’d hoped since you had to stay back and shoot through chain link or the animals were in deep shadows. We did enjoy seeing several birds of prey up close as the handlers moved them from their daytime quarters to overnight lodging. It reminded me of the Raptor Center in Huntersville, NC just north of Charlotte. At the Homestead period costumed volunteers and employees were available for questions and demonstrations.

Kentucky, history, log home

The Wagon Shed At The Homestead

The Homestead, Land Between The Lakes, Ox

Ox At Homestead Barn

The Homestead, history, photography

Two Room 1850s Home

history, farm, LBL

Living History Players At The Homestead

One of the last activities we  did was to drive over to the Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge. This whole area is on the Mississippi River Flyway and serves as a wintering area for many species of birds, especially ducks and eagles. The migration had just begun and we saw rafts (estimated at 2000) of American Black Ducks. By early January there will be between 200,000-300,000 ducks. Eagle tours are given on Kentucky Lake each January. We also saw white pelicans, mallards and merganser ducks. The refuge had just closed trails down to the water so no good photo ops. We understand that their job is protecting wildlife.

What a wonderful month we had! Now onto Mississippi.

Where Next? #1

It was time to figure out where we wanted to travel over the next several months. While we were working on that, we returned to Wilkesboro, NC and Bandits Roost Campground (for details see our earlier post Wilkesboro, NC). We were in time to join friends Kathy and Joe for one last get together at the Brushy Mountain Apple Festival, http://www.applefestival.net/n_index.php?. This festival draws 100,000 people in for the day. The town has things planned well and operates a free shuttle from satellite parking lots as the town is closed to autos. Music, food and craft tents fill the streets.Being an RVer has put an end to my pottery collecting but I still enjoy looking. There was one piece I’d have bought in a heartbeat in my former life.  We did succumb to one purchase. We bought a small metal sculpture of a photographer made from a railroad spike. This will be our version of the Travelocity Gnome popping up in the blog from time to time. Steve’s niece had given him a kayaker that was similarly made a few years ago. We also had a chance to catch up with friends in Burnsville, NC who had just returned from a 5 week tent camping trip in California. We’re hoping to join them somewhere in Maine or Nova Scotia next year.

On to the real reason for this entry. Where are we headed over the next 6 months? This is not cast in concrete. We’ll cover over 2,500 miles in 14 stops. So click in often follow along. We had some definite places we wanted or needed to be and places we wanted to see. So how to connect the dots? Here’s what we decided…..